Lockey was the fifth and most prolific violinmaker born to Joseph Hill I. Despite some major tensions between Lockey and his father (Lockey was omitted from his father’s will) there is a similarity in craftsmanship between the two. Lockey’s instruments are said to be distinguished by a thin varnish with painted purfling that is loosely based on the Stainer or Amati, which are often regarded as indistinguishable from one another. Lockey moved to Southwark when Longman and Broderip went bankrupt. He died there in 1810.